'Sacrificing part for the whole'
Journalists at the Washington Post contacted me to help investigate the intentionality of flooding in rural and agricultural areas outside of Beijing, China that occurred at the end of July and early August of 2023. It was alleged and reported that Chinese authorities intentionally diverted floodwater to these rural areas, with little to no warning for residents, in order to save investments at nearby urban areas. It’s estimated that this flooding dislplaced over 1.7 million people, caused $13 billion in economic losses, and killed dozens; although the total number of people who lost their lives may never be known.
A map of surface water extent can tell us where and when surface water occurred but the imagery alone cannot determine whether water came from natural flow or an engineered release. The data I provided to the Post helped investigative journalists to verify witness accounts and, by including analyses of ancillary satellite optical data, conclude that a network of floodgates and engineered channels were used to sacrifice these rural areas to spare the urban investments.
Find the full Washington Post story here.
The flooding outside of Beijing reminded me of events in the US, both recent and historical, that similarly echo with environmental injustices. In Pajaro, a mostly Spanish speaking town of agricultural workers in Central California, a levee failed during the 2022-2023 California floods that was known for decades to be deficient. In total, about 2,000 residents had to evacuate the town. The side of the levee protecting nearby Watsonville, a wealthier town, did not fail. The deficient levee on the Pajaro side was never improved due to “benefit-cost ratios."
In 1948, the working-class wartime housing project of Vanport, Oregon, was completely washed away by a 10 foot tall wall of water. The day before the flood, the Portland Housing Authority assured residents that the dike upstream would not fail during heavy rains and that they did not need to evacuate. It failed the next afternoon. At least fifteen people died and over 18,000 people lost their homes in the town, which was never rebuilt.